10 Top Photography Composition Rules That Will Improve Your Photos – Infographic

In general, as in many creative fields, there are no essential rules regarding the composition of your images or photographs. It only depends on your own style and purpose. Yet, you can use several techniques to improve the composition of your photographs.

1. Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is a technique of composition in which an element is divided into thirds.

Rule of ThirdsPhoto courtesy / Kevin Noble

2. Balancing Elements

Balancing is a technique of visual weight of objects inside a composition.

Balancing ElementsPhoto courtesy / Luca Zanon

3. Symmetry

Symmetry often refers to a line that splits an object in the middle as if both sides reflect each other.

Balancing ElementsPhoto courtesy / Evan Qu

4. Leading Lines

There are many different types of line: Straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial, etc.

Leading LinesPhoto courtesy / James Padolsey

5. Background

In photography, the background is part of the overall scene. It’s behind the main subject of the photograph.

Background Composition RulePhoto courtesy / Colin Moldenhauer

6. Viewpoint

The viewpoint refers to the position from which we take a photograph.

Viewpoint Composition RulePhoto courtesy / Joseph Barrientos

7. Depth

Depth of Field (DOF) is a focusing technique that involves playing on the distances between the elements of a composition.

Depth Of Field - DOFPhoto courtesy / Bonnie Kittle

8. Fibonacci Sequence

The golden ratio, sometimes called the Fibonacci spiral, golden spiral, phi grid, or golden mean, is a composition guide.

Fibonacci SequencePhoto courtesy / Boris Smokrovic

9. Cropping

Cropping is a technique of removing unwanted elements from the outer areas of a picture

CroppingPhoto courtesy / Preston Pownell

10. Framing

Framing involves using elements that are part of a scene’s composition to create a frame that encompasses the whole.

FramingPhoto courtesy / Luis Vidal

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Discover more resources on photography composition rules.

Photography Basics – A 43 Day Adventure
Durch Angle Photography
3 Easy Tips To A Pic 3 Times Better
The Golden Rectangle the Rule of Thirds

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