In general, as in many creative fields, there are no essential rules regarding the composition of your images or photographs. It only depends on your own style and purpose. Yet, you can use several techniques to improve the composition of your photographs, whether it’s a landscape picture, a portrait, or a family photo.
1. Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is a technique of composition in which an element is divided into thirds.
Photo courtesy / Kevin Noble
2. Balancing Elements
Balancing is a technique of visual weight of objects inside a composition.
Photo courtesy / Luca Zanon
Symmetry often refers to a line that splits an object in the middle as if both sides reflect each other.
Photo courtesy / Evan Qu
4. Leading Lines
There are many different types of line: Straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial, etc.
Photo courtesy / James Padolsey
In photography, the background is part of the overall scene. It’s behind the main subject of the photograph.
Photo courtesy / Colin Moldenhauer
The viewpoint refers to the position from which we take a photograph.
Photo courtesy / Joseph Barrientos
Depth of Field (DOF) is a focusing technique that involves playing on the distances between the elements of a composition.
Photo courtesy / Bonnie Kittle
8. Fibonacci Sequence
The golden ratio, sometimes called the Fibonacci spiral, golden spiral, phi grid, or golden mean, is a composition guide.
Photo courtesy / Boris Smokrovic
Cropping is a technique of removing unwanted elements from the outer areas of a picture
Photo courtesy / Preston Pownell
Framing involves using elements that are part of a scene’s composition to create a frame that encompasses the whole.
Photo courtesy / Luis Vidal
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