Even if you’re used to making art traditionally, digital art can be a daunting task. Like switching from oil painting to charcoal, digital art comes with a new set of challenges.
Whether you want to be a professional or hobbyist, we’ll answer these questions and more to help make you a confident, successful digital artist with less of the stress of going into it alone.
What Is Digital Art?
Becoming a digital artist is a big challenge for beginners, but many prefer it because of its ease. You can use shortcuts to erase, add preset effects to distort, and edit your art to your heart’s content.
Digital art has no one style or aesthetic. Indeed, you can mimic painting, charcoal, and pencil effects, or make a piece of art that looks wholly digital.
How Do I Find the Best Hardware?
Now you have an answer to the question, “what is a digital artist?” But, what about the best hardware? There is no one best tablet or computer. It’s what you like the best! Options include:
Consider watching reviews online to find something in your budget. If you want the ease of an iPad without the price, buying an Android may be an option.
You find the best buying guides and reviews on Proactive Creative here.
Most artists consider the following before buying a device:
- Ease of use
- Compatibility with existing hardware, like a desktop or laptop
- Sensitivity, size, and resolution
- Battery-powered, rechargeable, and EMR styluses
- Controls such as customizable buttons on the side of the tablet
There are many more factors to consider but these are the basics when just starting. Your best bet is to go affordable with decent features to test the waters with before diving in deeper.
How Do I Find the Best Software?
You have the right equipment, but which software programs can best be used to help create digital art? Well, thankfully, there is some great free art software available such as Krita and GIMP.
You can also try free trials of programs such as Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and PaintTool SAI. These are popular, but many require subscription-based payments. There are also one-time payment programs such as Affinity Designer and Procreate.
On top of programs, you can also download brush presets made by other artists. Some require a payment to access, but many artists offer them for free.
Some don’t mind paying the monthly subscription for their favorite programs and some love the free software. Your best bet here is to play around with software programs by trying the free trials to find the right fit and solution for your needs.
What Techniques Do Digital Artists Use?
Many traditional techniques transfer into digital art, and there are additional advantages. For example, instead of erasing every mistake manually, you can use ctrl + z to undo. There are a variety of keyboard shortcuts to make producing art easier and faster.
The most popular digital techniques include:
- Sketching and layering
- Scanning in traditional work
- Making use of shortcuts
- Flipping the canvas
Sketching and Warming-Up
This is a technique familiar to traditional artists. Before going into an in-depth, 50-hour drawing, you should do sketches first to warm up. Use blobs of color to block out your composition, sketch out the general flow of your piece, etc. With digital art, you can use layers upon layers to make as many sketches as you need.
If you feel more comfortable sketching on paper, just do it! You can scan or take a picture of your sketch and layer it digitally. Taking it a step further, you can scan a traditional piece of art and add effects digitally.
Layering is useful for more than just sketches. Most digital artists put sketches, linework, colors, shading, background, foreground, and other effects all on their own layer. This way, you can correct mistakes in each step without ruining the work underneath.
You can make layers invisible when you’re done with them but don’t want to delete them. You can change opacity for different effects or when you’re drawing on top of a sketch.
Layers can also be moved around. For example, most artists put their shading layer on top of their color layer. However, you could use the old master technique of shading underneath a lower opacity color layer.
This is what makes digital art so much faster. Once you get past the learning curve, the keyboard shortcuts will feel like second nature. Don’t like the line you just drew? “Ctrl + z.” Want a line back you just deleted? “Ctrl + y.” Remember to save often with “Ctrl + s!”
This is a big one—flip your canvas! Most, if not all, art programs let you flip (or mirror) your canvas. This helps you see mistakes you couldn’t see before from a new perspective.
In my opinion, it’s a good idea to flip your canvas early in the process and frequently throughout. You may find that your sketch is skewed or slanted when flipped.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some frequently asked questions about digital art.
How to be an artist
There’s no right or wrong way to be an artist. Above all, never question yourself. Mastering digital art won’t happen overnight. Instead, keep trying, don’t be afraid to ask for advice from others, and consider joining communities of digital artists to get inspiration and support.
How to get better at digital art
As with any form of creativity, practice makes perfect. If possible, set aside time in the day, perhaps on a weekend, to try out new techniques, different software. Anything that could help you get better at digital art!
Tips for digital art
Besides the advice laid out in this article, some of the best tips for digital art include: investing in a quality tablet, having software best for your art style, and being patient. Exploring digital art is a process, and it should be fun. If you put too much pressure on yourself, you won’t enjoy it as much as you could
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Digital art comes with some huge learning curves. You won’t be a pro at first—no one is! Once you get past that learning curve as you discover how to become a digital artist, you’ll find that this medium has many highly customizable resources.
There’s less equipment involved and you can achieve a variety of effects. You can make your pieces look like oil, acrylic, charcoal, or a uniquely digital aesthetic.
You have a wealth of knowledge at your fingertips. Watch YouTubers go over their process or explain the basics, talk to artists, and make friends in online communities. Your journey to a new form of creativity is ready to begin!
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